Expertos: Reglamento va contra Ley de R茅gimen Electoral
Por: P谩gina Siete
Octubre 2018
Fotografia: AFP

Expertos advirtieron que el reglamento de las primarias va contra la Ley de R茅gimen Electoral (026) y la Constituci贸n Pol铆tica del Estado (CPE), en lo que refiere a las impugnaciones contra candidaturas para las internas. Ese proceso est谩 previsto para enero de 2019.

El exvocal de la Corte Nacional Electoral (hoy Tribunal Supremo Electoral) Jorge Lazarte sostuvo que el reglamento no respeta la jerarqu铆a normativa que establece la Carta Magna: 1) Constituci贸n, 2) tratados internacionales; 3) leyes nacionales y 4) los decretos y reglamentos.

"No hay mucha coherencia y la Constituci贸n ya establece un orden normativo. Los vocales del TSE podr铆an ser pasibles a un juicio de responsabilidades por no respetar este orden normativo. Si la oposici贸n quiere hacer valer el derecho de impugnar, tendr铆a que invocar la vigencia de la Ley 026", indic贸 Lazarte.

Entre los instrumentos normativos que forman parte del "marco legal" de este documento est谩, adem谩s de la CPE, la Ley del R茅gimen Electoral.

El reglamento -en su art铆culo 40- dispone que los candidatos a las primarias s贸lo pueden ser impugnados por los militantes del frente al que representan. En cambio, la Ley 026 establece que "todos" los ciudadanos pueden presentar demandas de inhabilitaci贸n y la Carta Magna dispone que una ley est谩 por encima de un reglamento.

El constitucionalista Carlos Alarc贸n afirm贸 que el reglamento es "inconstitucional" y debe ser adecuado a la CPE y a la Ley 026. Estando en juego "el tema de la prohibici贸n constitucional de segunda reelecci贸n, 茅se es un tema de orden p煤blico que interesa a todos los bolivianos, independientemente de que sean o no militantes de un partido pol铆tico", afirm贸 el especialista.

Las reacciones

El diputado del MAS David Ramos argument贸 que con esa norma no se desconoce la Ley 026, porque fue elaborada para elecciones generales, antes de que se establezcan las primarias. "Estamos hablando de un proceso eleccionario interno. 驴C贸mo podr铆an militantes de otro partido impugnar al candidato de otro partido? Ser铆a una injerencia total", cuestion贸.

El senador de oposici贸n Yerko N煤帽ez asegur贸 que el reglamento favorece al presidente Evo Morales, puesto que s贸lo los militantes del MAS pueden impugnarlo, algo que considera "remoto". Por ello, el legislador tambi茅n afirm贸 que el documento contradice lo que establece la Ley 026 y la CPE.

El martes, el vocal electoral Antonio Costas revel贸 que expres贸 su discrepancia sobre el art铆culo 40 del texto, cuando 茅ste se aprobaba en sala plena del organismo. "El hecho de que se realice una primaria no quita el esp铆ritu general de la norma, donde el ciudadano est谩 habilitado a presentar una impugnaci贸n", coment贸.

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